Ci sono paralleli tra le occupazioni dell’Afghanistan e della Palestina– Middle East Monitor14 Settembre 2021
Il pubblico palestinese ha osservato con attenzione il ritiro degli Stati Uniti dall’Afghanistan. Per la maggior parte dei palestinesi, ha rappresentato una finestra di speranza e una grande spinta morale; se la più grande potenza mondiale potesse essere sconfitta, allora sicuramente anche l’occupazione israeliana potrebbe essere sconfitta.
Eppure, c’era un netto contrasto tra la risposta data al ritiro da Hamas e delle altre fazioni della resistenza e quella dell’Autorità Palestinese (AP). Com’era prevedibile, Hamas ha accolto con favore la mossa americana e si è congratulato con il popolo afghano e con i talebani per aver liberato la loro terra. Il portavoce dell’AP Nabil Abu Rudeineh ha scelto di non rivolgersi al popolo afghano, ma si è rivolto invece al governo israeliano. Ha usato il ritiro per avvertire gli israeliani che potrebbe succedere lo stesso a loro, poiché dipendono anche dal sostegno straniero se continuano a violare i diritti del popolo palestinese e negano loro uno stato vitale e indipendente. Ovviamente Abu Rudeineh non intendeva tracciare un parallelo tra l’AP ei talebani. Al contrario, ha fatto riflettere molti palestinesi sulle somiglianze tra Ashraf Ghani’Many have compared the collapse of Ghani’s government to what happened in Gaza in 2006/7, when a much smaller number of forces loyal to the election-winning movement, Hamas, defeated Fatah-dominated PA security forces to take security as well as political control of the coastal territory. Like the Taliban, Hamas fought forces backed by a foreign enemy and enjoyed public support, while the PA chose to cut deals with the occupation and remains both corrupt and unpopular.OPINION: Blair mustn’t be allowed to ‘dodge’ responsibility for the chaos caused by the ‘war on terror’Now Abbas and his government are struggling with the fallout of the killing of activist Nizar Banat, who was killed while detained by PA security forces. Banat was a prominent critic of Abbas and the PA, whose popularity and legitimacy have hit a record low. Indeed, the official rhetoric is so unpopular that many Palestinians have declared that the PA is no more than an Israeli security tool to suppress the people of occupied Palestine.When six Palestinian prisoners escaped from Israel’s high-security Gilboa Prison last week (four of whom have since been recaptured), the Palestinian people celebrated across the West Bank. Reports that the PA would be collaborating with the Israeli occupation forces in tracking the escapees down prompted outrage on social media, adding to the misery of the Ramallah-based authority with its dwindling credibility and support.Abbas’s cancellation of the Palestinian elections earlier this year didn’t help. Nor did his statements about the Israeli aggression in Jerusalem and against the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in May.US withdraws from Afghanistan, where is this heading to…- Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]There is a debate in Israel over what is more useful to the occupation state: destroying the PA or keeping it in place to serve the Israeli security agenda and filling a political space that could be taken by Hamas if the PA is dissolved. The collapse of Ghani’s government in Kabul as soon as the US troops left Afghanistan brings this to mind.The communist government in Afghanistan under President Mohammad Najibullah lasted four years after the Soviet withdrawal in 1988/89 before it collapsed. Ghani’s government fell even before the last American soldier had left. Why? For the Soviets, Afghan communists were comrades, whereas the Americans only create puppets, and when the puppeteer walks away, the show ends. While the Afghan communist regime was highly motivated ideologically, the “liberal” government was mired in corruption. It took the Soviets ten years to realise that you cannot win in Afghanistan; it took the Americans twenty years to reach the same conclusion.OPINION: The media’s weapons of mass deceptionWhat did the Americans achieve in Afghanistan? The occupation cost US taxpayers around $300 million a day for 20 years; thousands of US and allied soldiers were killed and wounded, and tens of thousands of Afghans were also killed and wounded. America has left behind a fractured economy, a flourishing drugs trade, and no real political system, let alone a democratic government. Waves of Afghan refugees have headed to Europe through Iran and Turkey. And US troops abandoned an estimated $80 billion worth of military hardware, including Black Hawk attack helicopters. Above all, the US withdrawal has made both Iran and China very happy.Occupation is the worst form of aggression regardless of who the occupier is. What is applicable to Afghanistan in this respect today, may one day soon apply in occupied Palestine.The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.CategoriesAfghanistanArticleAsia & AmericasIsraelMiddle EastOpinionPalestineUS10 CommentsUnl