The Tianwen-1 spacecraft is one of three missions to the red planet arriving this month. It comes a day after a UAE spaceraft successfully went into orbit around the planet, and ahead of the arrival of Nasa’s Perseverance rover.
The Chinese mission is made up of a rover and orbiter in combination. For now, the two will float around the red planet, but in a few months the rover will detach and float down to the surface.
When it does, it hopes to collect information about water under the Martian surface as well as look for signs of ancient alien life on the planet.
Tianwen is the title of an ancient poem, and means “Quest for Heavenly Truth”.
The arrival at Mars marks the first time the country has successfully made the journey, after its attempt with Russia in 2011 failed to make it through Earth’s orbit.
But the hardest part of the mission will be actually managing to land a rover on the Martian surface, a complex feat that has so far only ever been achieved by America’s Nasa.