Can a divided Iraq be reconciled? | ISIS | Al Jazeera
foto – Reconciliation efforts took a hit last month when the Iraqi parliament approved a law legalising the Popular Mobilisation Forces, a group of powerful Shia militias [EPA]
aljazeera.com – Can a divided Iraq be reconciled?A political battle is raging over what a post-ISIL Iraq could look like. – by Omar Al Saleh, Omar Al Saleh is a roving correspondent with Al Jazeera based in Doha.
Iraqi Sunni and Shia political leaders are in the midst of negotiations in an attempt to reach common ground for a post-ISIL reconciliation plan.
Representatives from the biggest Sunni bloc in Iraq’s parliament, the National Forces Alliance, recently met Amar al-Hakim, who heads the ruling Iraqi National Alliance, an umbrella group of Shia parties. The meeting came after the National Forces Alliance rejected a reconciliation plan prepared by Hakim and instead proposed its own vision for governing a post-ISIL Iraq, aiming to remedy the chronic political and sectarian fighting that has plagued the country since the 2003 US-led invasion.
Details of the competing plans were still being worked out, and have not been made public. As the battle for Mosul drags on, Sunni and Shia leaders have not ironed out a timeframe for reaching an agreement.
According to Mohammed al-Karbouli, a member of the National Forces Alliance who has been involved in the discussions, his bloc had agreed to “write and propose a paper with a vision on how to govern the Iraqi state, especially in crucial areas such as the de-Baathification law [which bans members of Saddam Hussein’s ruling party from serving in government], the amnesty law and the federal regions”. Karbouli was referring to a long-standing Sunni demand for the release of Sunnis held under the country’s notorious “anti-terrorism” law, which they believe targets them unfairly, and for an equitable power-sharing agreement.
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“We will hand the paper to the representative of the UN envoy to Iraq in the first or second week of the new year,” Karbouli told Al Jazeera. “There were many initiatives in the past. The important thing is the implementation. I think I would rely on [a reconciliation plan succeeding] by 25 to 30 percent. It all depends on the concessions made by the ruling [Iraqi] National Alliance to accept others.”
Reconciliation efforts took a hit last month when the Iraqi parliament approved a law legalising the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF), a group of powerful Shia militias. Sunni Iraqi politicians were outraged at the move, accusing the militias of committing sectarian attacks against Sunnis during their campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS).
Sorgente: Can a divided Iraq be reconciled? | ISIS | Al Jazeera